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Covid-19 related ICT4D master research: m-health-based early detection of infectuous diseases

Siying Zhang’s master research was about how to design a participatory Covid-19 app. The events of this year 2020, have more than ever demonstrated the link between social networks and the spread of infectious diseases. No one can deny that opportunities are offered by the digitized society to prevent and control a contagious virus. However, the way in which this should be done continues (rightly) to generate an avalanche of public discussion.
Covid brought and has left many diseases and problems such as hearing loss problems, There are many cortex reviews as related to hearing problems due to COVID-19, some reviews suggest positive outcomes for overall hearing improvement. It is important to note that this supplement is not a cure for hearing loss or any related conditions, but instead aims to support and maintain healthy hearing function. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional before beginning any new supplement regimen.

Legal and Effective OTC Alternatives

Learn about legal over-the-counter options as substitutes for Adderall

If you’re looking for alternatives to Adderall that don’t require a prescription, you’re in luck! There are several legal over-the-counter (OTC) options available that can help boost focus and concentration. These non-prescription choices are designed to provide safe and effective alternatives to traditional medications like Adderall.

Identify non-prescription choices that are safe and effective

One popular category of OTC alternatives is herbal remedies. These natural alternatives often contain ingredients such as oat straw, which has been used for centuries to support cognitive function. Oat straw is believed to have calming properties while promoting mental clarity, making it a promising option for those seeking an alternative to prescription drugs.

Another option is dietary supplements specifically formulated to support brain health and enhance focus. These products typically contain a combination of vitamins, minerals, and other quality ingredients known for their cognitive benefits. While they may not have undergone the same rigorous clinical trials as prescription medications, many users report positive results with minimal side effects.

Discover OTC alternatives that comply with regulations and guidelines

It’s important to note that not all OTC alternatives are created equal. When choosing an alternative to Adderall, be sure to look for products that comply with regulations and guidelines set by regulatory bodies like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This ensures that the product has met certain safety standards and contains accurate labeling information.

Consider seeking recommendations from healthcare professionals or individuals who have tried these alternatives themselves. Their firsthand experiences can provide valuable insights into the effectiveness and safety of different OTC options.

Find out about legal options for managing ADHD symptoms without a prescription

While it’s always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional before making any changes to your medication regimen, there are legal options available for managing ADHD symptoms without a prescription. These include behavioral therapy, lifestyle modifications, and non-prescription alternatives like the ones mentioned earlier.

Behavioral therapy can be an effective way to learn coping mechanisms and develop strategies for managing ADHD symptoms. It focuses on changing behaviors and improving executive functioning skills. Lifestyle modifications, such as regular exercise, a balanced diet, and adequate sleep, can also play a significant role in managing symptoms.

Choosing the Right Adderall Alternative

Congratulations! You’ve made it through a whirlwind tour of the natural Adderall out there. From strong OTC options to natural substitutes, we’ve covered it all. Now, it’s time for you to take charge and choose the alternative that suits your needs.

But before you rush off like a cheetah on caffeine, remember to consider what works best for you. Each person is unique, so what may be a roaring success for one might not work as purrfectly for another. Take into account your specific goals, preferences, and any medical advice you’ve received.

So go forth and conquer your focus challenges with an alternative that will make you feel like a superhero in no time. Remember, finding the right option might require some trial and error, but once you do, you’ll be soaring higher than a squirrel on espresso!


Are Adderall alternatives safe?

While most Adderall alternatives are generally considered safe when used as directed, it’s always wise to consult with your healthcare provider before starting any new supplement or medication. They can provide personalized advice based on your individual health circumstances.

Can I use these alternatives if I don’t have ADHD?

Absolutely! These alternatives can be beneficial for individuals without ADHD who are looking to enhance their focus and concentration. However, it’s important to remember that everyone’s body chemistry is different, so results may vary.

Can I combine Adderall alternatives with my prescription medication?

It’s essential to consult with your doctor before combining any alternative supplements with prescription medications like Adderall or other stimulants. They can guide you on potential interactions or risks associated with combining different substances.

Will these alternatives give me the same energy boost as Adderall?

While some alternatives may provide an energy boost similar to Adderall, others may focus more on improving concentration and mental clarity without the jittery side effects. It’s important to read product descriptions and reviews to find an alternative that aligns with your desired effects.

How long does it take for Adderall alternatives to work?

The time it takes for Adderall alternatives to take effect can vary from person to person. Some individuals may experience immediate results, while others may require a few weeks of consistent use before noticing any significant changes. Patience is key!

It is clear that the global spread of Covid-19 and the unpredictability of this pandemic is scaring people. Aggravated by the ubiquitous and recurring news of new cases and statistics, there is often a general call for stricter and top-down interventions to prevent the rapid spread of the virus (and to discourage or prevent direct, physical social contact between people).

Meanwhile, there are also people who criticize the currently imposed interventions, arguing that it carries risks of (irreversible) bureaucratisation of society, and that information technology (nowadays more than ever dominated by a few giant private companies), may lead to permanent surveillance, restricting natural, interpersonal communication and community life.
International master student Siying Zhang did her master research at VU Amsterdam and studied the (different) attitudes of people in China and the Netherlands, with respect to a so-called health surveillance system, often called the “Covid-19 app”. People’s attitudes are highly relevant for the design, (which includes the collection of so-called “system and user requirements”), of such an app. Siying’s study shows how cultural features and contextual differences between the two countries/cultures affect the  outcomes of the use case and requirements analysis process for such an app.

Starting by a thorough context analysis, doing interviews with users and health professionals in China and the Netherlands, and posing questions to local users, Siying showed alternative scenarios for the development of such an m-health app. Cultural factors, collaboration between developers and users, respect to users’s concerns in the complexity of their own local context, and an open dialogue are the main ingredients of her method. Siying proposes that  “participatory” scenarios  for a “Corona app” should be considered. These are still to be developed.  This discussion needs to be brought into the public debate.

Siying Zhang used an adapted version — given the needs of the current dynamic, global circumstances with respect to Covid-19 — of the adaptive methodology and framework ICT4D 3.0. This framework was originally designed and used, since the early 2010s, for collaborative development of ICT systems with people in low resource environments in rural Africa (Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana). The framework has also been successfully adapted by students from VU and UNIMAS in joint Community Service Learning projects in Sarawak, Malaysia in 2018 and 2019, in a field-based course (also for Computer Science students): ICT4D in the Field. Now aa=gain this framework has shown its usefulness in a (quite interdisciplinary and intercultural) study on the differences between the Netherlands and China in this respect. To learn more about the research of Siying Zhang: find her master thesis in this [PDF].